Fungi makes nutrients available for plants
There are 100 000 known types of fungi and perhaps a million that are yet to be discovered. In comparison to bacteria, fungi can grow in in length,doesn’t need a film of water and can transport nutrients. Fungi can form enormous subsoil networks. These fungal networks allow also other organisms to exchange nutrition and information.
Fungi transforms soil by holding it together and even by combining minerals to create new elements like Weddelite (CaC2O4-2H2O) and Calcite (CaCO3). These elements have Carbon in them which means that they are a potential long term Carbon storage.
Low fungi/bacteria ratios are often observed in intensively cultivated soil. Low fungi/soil ratio may lead to increase in low quality weed species. Higher amount of fungi in the biomass of soil also correlates positively with more efficient soil carbon sequestration. Fungi can increase water in the soil by breaking down organic matter.
Fungi feeds on complex carbons like brown grass, cellulose, lignin, chitin, stubble, straw, fish hydrolusate, humates, biochar and woodship.