Functions of Manganese (Mn)

Manganese is a critical component in dozens of proteins and enzymes, it is also found in the mitochondria. Mitochondria is the generator of a cell, producing and it is a key component of energy metabolism. 

Manganese Functions as a catalyst for Potassium, in small amounts it can increase Potassium uptake of plants.

An illustration of mitochondria

Symptoms of Manganese deficiency in animals

Silent heats
Cystic ovaries
Increased rate of male calves
Manganese is toxic for plants in excessive levels.

Manganese as a chemical elemental

Manganese is a chemical element with the symbol Mn and atomic number 25. Manganese is a transition metal with a multifaceted array of industrial alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.

In biology, manganese ions function as cofactors for a large variety of enzymes with many functions. Manganese enzymes are particularly essential in detoxification of superoxide free radicals in organisms that must deal with elemental oxygen.

Manganese also functions in the oxygen-evolving complex of photosynthetic plants. While the element is a required trace mineral for all known living organisms, it also acts as a neurotoxin in larger amounts.

Manganese chemical properties