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Selenium

Trace amounts of Selenium are necessary for cellular function

Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient for animals, humans, and microorganisms, but its role in the plants needs further exploration. It is considered beneficial at low levels, but is toxic at higher levels, and there is a fine boundary between these concentrations. New Zealand soils are generally speaking deficient in Selenium.

Although there are areas where livestock poisoning occurs, much evidence has been accumulated to indicate that agricultural livestock is deficient, or bordering on selenium deficiency, in many areas of the world.

Selenium deficiency causes white muscle disease.

Functions of Selenium

Selenium is an essential biological trace element. It is an essential constituent of several enzymes in which it is present in the form of the unusual amino acid selenocysteine (SeCys).

Excessive levels of Selenium can occur easily. Do not apply more that 10 grams per hectare per year.

Selenium deficiency in animals

Vascular, muscular and/or hepatic lesions
White muscle disease
Reproduction problems; abortion, pyometra

Selenium as a chemical element

Selenium is a chemical element with the symbol Se and atomic number 34. It is a nonmetal (more rarely considered a metalloid) with properties that are intermediate between the elements above and below in the periodic table, sulfur and tellurium, and also has similarities to arsenic.

Selenium salts are toxic in large amounts, but trace amounts are necessary for cellular function in many organisms, including all animals. Selenium is an ingredient in many multivitamins and other dietary supplements.

It is a component of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase (which indirectly reduce certain oxidized molecules in animals and some plants). It is also found in three deiodinase enzymes, which convert one thyroid hormone to another.

Selenium chemical properties